My current research focuses on several areas of investigation: (1) perspective taking, empathy, and mental-state reasoning; (2) cognitive processes in social attention, categorization, evaluation, inference, and judgment; and (3) stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination.
In a primary line of research, I study perspective taking and its implications for negotiating socially diverse environments. More specifically, I explore how perceiver-based factors (e.g., incidental emotions), target-based factors (e.g., social group membership), and contextual factors (e.g., diversity ideologies) influence the ability to intuit what other people see, know, want, and believe. I also examine how actively considering other people's thoughts, feelings, and other subjective experiences affects (a) the subtle biases that commonly pervade intergroup encounters and (b) information use during social inference more generally.
In another line of research, I study how automatic mental processes (often in conjunction with more deliberative ones) constrain people's impressions of others. I'm particularly interested in how a greater understanding of these processes can inform important social issues, such as intergroup bias and diversity management.
- Attitudes and Beliefs
- Causal Attribution
- Emotion, Mood, Affect
- Intergroup Relations
- Judgment and Decision Making
- Person Perception
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Social Cognition
- Bean, M. G., Slaten, D. G., Horton, W. S., Murphy, M. C., Todd, A. R., & Richeson, J. A. (2012). Prejudice concerns and race-based attentional bias: New evidence from eyetracking. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 723-730.
- Cameron, C. D., Spring, V. L., & Todd, A. R. (in press). The empathy impulse: A multinomial model of intentional and unintentional empathy for pain. Emotion.
- Galinsky, A. D., Magee, J. C., Rus, D., Rothman, N. B., & Todd, A. R. (2014). Acceleration with steering: The synergistic benefits of combining power and perspective-taking. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 627-635.
- Galinsky, A. D., Todd, A. R., Homan, A. C., Phillips, K. W., Apfelbaum, E. P., Sasaki, S. J., Richeson, J. A., Olayon, J. B., & Maddux, W. W. (2015). Maximizing the gains and minimizing the pains of diversity: A policy perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10, 742-748.
- Todd, A. R., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Galinsky, A. D. (2012). Perspective taking combats the denial of intergroup discrimination. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 738-745.
- Todd, A. R., Bodenhausen, G. V., Richeson, J. A., & Galinsky, A. D. (2011). Perspective taking combats automatic expressions of racial bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 1027-1042.
- Todd, A. R., & Burgmer, P. (2013). Perspective taking and automatic intergroup evaluation change: Testing an associative self-anchoring account. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 786-802.
- Todd, A. R., Cameron, C. D., & Simpson, A. J. (2017). Dissociating processes underlying level-1 visual perspective taking in adults. Cognition, 159, 97-101.
- Todd, A. R., Forstmann, M., Burgmer, P., Brooks, A. W., & Galinsky, A. D. (2015). Anxious and egocentric: How specific emotions influence perspective taking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, 374-391.
- Todd, A. R., & Galinsky, A. D. (2014). Perspective-taking as a strategy for improving intergroup relations: Evidence, mechanisms, and qualifications. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8, 374-387.
- Todd, A. R., & Galinsky, A. D. (2012). The reciprocal link between multiculturalism and perspective-taking: How ideological and self-regulatory approaches to managing diversity reinforce each other. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1394-1398.
- Todd, A. R., Galinsky, A. D., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2012). Perspective taking undermines stereotype maintenance processes: Evidence from social memory, behavior explanation, and information solicitation. Social Cognition, 30, 94-108.
- Todd, A. R., Hanko, K., Galinsky, A. D., & Mussweiler, T. (2011). When focusing on differences leads to similar perspectives. Psychological Science, 22, 134-141.
- Todd, A. R., Molden, D. C., Ham, J., & Vonk, R. (2011). The automatic and co-occurring activation of multiple social inferences. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 37-49.
- Todd, A. R., & Simpson, A. J. (in press). Perspective taking and member-to-group generalization of implicit racial attitudes: The role of target prototypicality. European Journal of Social Psychology.
- Todd, A. R., & Simpson, A. J. (2016). Anxiety impairs spontaneous perspective calculation: Evidence from a level-1 visual perspective-taking task. Cognition, 156, 88-94.
- Todd, A. R., Simpson, A. J., & Tamir, D. I. (2016). Active perspective taking induces flexible use of self-knowledge during social inference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 1583-1588.
- Todd, A. R., Simpson, A. J., Thiem, K. C., & Neel, R. (2016). The generalization of implicit racial bias to young Black boys: Automatic stereotyping or automatic prejudice? Social Cognition, 34, 306-323.
- Todd, A. R., Thiem, K. C., & Neel, R. (2016). Does seeing faces of young Black boys facilitate the identification of threatening stimuli? Psychological Science, 27, 384-393.
Andrew R. Todd
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences
University of Iowa
Seashore Hall E11
Iowa City, Iowa 52242
- Phone: (319) 335-3659
- Fax: (319) 335-0191